Museo Storico e il Parco del Castello di Miramare


UNESCO World Heritage Designation : No
Type of Historical Garden: Jardín romántico y naturalista

Viale Miramare – 34151 Trieste


+39 040 224143

Region: Friuli Venezia Giulia
Municipality : Trieste
Town :
Place :
Google Maps Coordinates:

45.7024807, 13.7123955

Opening times
Opening times:

October to February, 8 a.m. – 4 p.m.
March to September, 8 a.m. – 7 p.m.


Visitors’ Reception Centre

Interpretation Centre

Associated museum

Guided visits


Educational workshops

Activities for the general public

Parking for private vehicles

Parking for buses

Access for people with disabilities or reduced



Souvenir shop




Nearest parking for buses:

Grignano Mare, 200m ca

Nearest parking for private vehicles:

Grignano Mare, 200m ca

Days open to the public: Every day except 25/12 and 1/1
Age restrictions:


Types of visits:

Free visits. Guided tours and activities on specific occasions in cooperation with the WWF

Duration of visits:
Maximum number of visitors in a group:
Maximum number of visitors per day:
Admission fees:

Access to the park is free.


No booking is required to visit the park

Prior purchase of tickets:
Educational workshops:

YES – Educational activities related to the Miramare Marine Protected Area in cooperation with the WWF

Activities for the public:

YES – Educational activities related to the Miramare Marine Protected Area in cooperation with the WWF

Nearest cultural destinations:

– Trieste
– Duino
– Aquileia

Nearest natural destinations:

– Grotta Gigante
– Altopiano del Carso

Nearby accommodation:


Nearby restaurants:


Crafts, gastronomy, gift shops etc., at the site or in the area:


Natural environment of the garden

The Park was originally an acclimatization garden for the cultivation and development of exotic and Mediterranean plants. Currently the vegetation consists mostly of holm-oaks (Quercus Ilex); there are also some examples of Cedrus Libani, Cedrus Atlantica, Pinus Sabiniana, Sequoia Sempervirens and Arbutus Unedo shrubs.


Historical background of the garden

The garden was part of the private residence of Archduke Ferdinand Maximilian of Hapsburg, the Castello di Miramare, where the Archduke and his wife, Charlotte of Belgium, lived between 1861 and 1864.


Description of the Garden

Maximilian purchased land on the site in 1855. In the following year, the archduke set about creating a medium-size park which could be crossed on foot. Maximilian gave the architect, Carl Junker, explicit instructions for designing the grounds. The gardener Josef Laube was first put in charge of the botanical planning. The original idea was to create a Mediterranean garden, but the orange and lemon trees did not survive the severity of the first winters. In 1859, therefore, Maximilian entrusted a new project to Anton Jelinek. The whole site then became much more of a landscape garden, with some woodland areas and a parterre. In the park grounds there are also some buildings that Junker envisaged in his original scheme.
At the entrance to the park there are the stables (Scuderie) and coach-house – originally a one-storey central block flanked by two two-storey wings. In 1930 another storey was added to host the servants’ quarters. The building was restored in 1994 and it is now used as a exhibition venue.
As work progressed on the castle, the building of the Castelletto, a small-scale reproduction of the main building, began. The external appearence of the small castle is typical of the park chalets then in vogue – crenelletion and turrets, with terracotta and wrought-iron work on the façade. The first floor interior still preserves some of the decor that was transferred here from Maximilian’s first residence in Trieste, Villa Lazarovich, including the “Moorish” rooms, the “Nordic” room, and the “Flemish” room.
In the forecourt of the Castelletto there are the iron-and-glass greenhouses.
Another small building in the park is the so-called “Swiss Cottage” which is on the edge of the swan lake – a typical example of a nineteenth-century rustic Alpine building. At the end of the parterre there is a small structure which now serves as a Coffee Shop.
Maximilian devoted great thought to the decor of the garden and the grounds. The iconographic scheme for the whole castle also includes the statues for the parterre, which were to recall classical works in other royal gardens. In February 1859 Maximilian purchased a bronze copy of Antonio Canova’s Napoleon I, from the sculptor Giovanni Pandiani; the statue was set up at the end of the pergola looking towards the swan lake. The statues in the parterre include reproductions of the Medici Venus and Mercury, while next to the Coffee House there are reproductions of the Meleager and the Venus of Capua. All these elements were commissioned to the Moritz-Geiss firm in Berlin. Among these statues, in the forecourt, there is also a copy of the Joseph Kiss’s Amazon on Horseback. Nearby is a column bearing a bust of Duke Leopold of Hapsburg, commemorating the submission of Trieste to the House of Hapsburg in 1382. Among the other items of decor planned by Maximilian there is also a series of cannons, which were a gift from Leopold I and are aligned along the terrace overlooking the sea. Maximilian also located at the end of the harbour pier a statue of a Sphinx, which dates from the Ptolematic period (third century BCE). In the park there is also a memorial statue dedicated to Amedeo of Aosta by Marcello Mascherini, dating from 1971.



See above


Brief description of the Interpretation Centre/Museum

The main collection of the Castello di Miramare consists of furnishings and paintings, personally selected by Archduke Maximilian of Hapsburg to decorate his private residence. The collection displays pieces of furniture dating mostly between the sixteenth and the nineteenth century; these pieces of furniture can be traced to various European manufactures, mainly Italian – Lombardy and Vatican –, Dutch and English. The paintings were either purchased or commissioned by Maximilian. They testify to his personal and cultural interests, mark a celebration of Hapsburg history and show the genesis and the evolution of the Miramare site. These paintings date largely to the nineteenth century and the authors are both European and local. There is also a small group of ancient works and copies of renowned paintings. The collection also counts some works by Maximilian’s spouse, Charlotte of Belgium.


More gardens of the REJHIS

  • Santa Clotilde Gardens


  • Park of Monserrate


  • Gardens of Aranjuez


  • Lisbon Tropical Botanical Garden


  • Museum of King Jan III’s Palace at Wilanów


  • Park of Pena