N(N)LE BATUMI BOTANICAL GARDEN
UNESCO World Heritage Designation :
Type of Historical Garden:
6411 Batumi (Mtsvane Kontskhi/ Green Cape), Georgia
(+995) 422 27 00 33
Batumi City Hall
9 km north of Batumi, 28 km north of the Sarpi border with Turkey, 119 km from David the Builder – Kutaisi Airport, 370 km from Tbilisi
Google Maps Coordinates:
Access from the provincial capital :
● Micro Bus №31 – runs daily every 15 minutes from the Batumi Trade Center
● Micro Bus №40 – runs daily every 15 minutes from the Batumi Trade Center
● Bus №10 – runs daily every 15-20 minutes from Batumi International Airport - it travels along Airport Hwy, Lech and Mari Kaczynski St, Sherif Khimshiashvili St, Rustaveli Ave. , Gogebashvili St., E70 highway and the last stop Green Cape
● Bus №10ა - runs daily every 25-30 minutes from Batumi International Airport - it travels along Airport Hwy, Lech and Mari Kaczynski St, Sherif Khimshiashvili St, Rustaveli Ave. , Gogebashvili St., E70 highway and the stop Batumi Botanical Garden
Access from the nearest place to the site :
Highway E70, Makhinjauri
Visitors’ Reception Centre
Activities for the general public
Parking for private vehicles
Parking for buses
Access for people with disabilities or reduced
Others: camping, picnic areas
Nearest parking for buses:
Entrance/Exit by the Batumi Botanical Garden - Chakvi, Green Cape
Nearest parking for private vehicles:
Entrance/Exit by the Batumi Botanical Garden - Chakvi, Green Cape
Days open to the public:
Every day, whole year around
Types of visits:
Guided, free visits
Duration of visits:
Maximum number of visitors in a group:
Maximum number of visitors per day:
Adult 15 GEL
Youth (10-16) – 1GEL
0-10 children are free
Prior purchase of tickets:
Yes. “Closer to Nature” annual workshop for secondary school students of Batumi where students are taught practical and theoretical lessons about plant germination, growth and propagation; environment; biodiversity; ecology; they get familiar to the mission of Botanical Gardens and the Batumi Botanical Garden as well.
Practical workshops for students of bachelor’s and master’s degree students.
Practical (green actions) workshops for students of ecology and biology faculties. We fallow Calendar of Global Environmental Events.
Activities for the public:
Yes. Camellias, bamboos, fruits, roses, flowers, cones exhibitions every year.
Nearest cultural destinations:
Nearest natural destinations:
Hotel Dreamland Oasis
Crafts, gastronomy, gift shops etc., at the site or in the area:
There are few local gastronomies and typical souvenir shops around our Garden
Supporting the significant collection of plants in the Garden and their documentation and application in science, education and training. The Garden also practices conservation, protection and preservation of endangered species in order to secure them for future generations.
Natural environment of the garden
The Garden occupies about 1 km long southwestern part of the coastline between the estuary of the river Chakvistskali and Mtsvane Kontskhi (Green Cape), spreading up to 0-220 m above sea level. Previously, this territory was covered by Colchis type of forest which is represented by 3 ha of untouched Preserve territory in the Garden, in the Trascaucasian Humid Subtropics department.
A typical abrasive coast is developed in this section of the coastline with no beach zone along most of its length. Most part of the territory of the Botanical Garden is characterized by the linear and lateral erosion of surface waters. The erosive relief is mainly represented by steep-slope ravines, glens and hillocks with mostly roundish surfaces between them. In the highest part of the Botanical Garden, here and there you can find flat or slightly sloped surfaces of relatively small area.
The micro and mesoforms of the relief within the boundaries of the Botanical Garden and its vicinities had mainly been formed on the crust of laterite (red-soil) exhaustion the development of which had been taking place during a long geological era in the conditions of chemical transformation of volcanogenic and deposit rocks (tufa, tuff sandstones, andesite, etc.) of mid Eocene age. On the laterite exhaustion crust of the sections with such surfaces (like the Ajara foothill zone some 300-400m above sea level) red soil is developed with heavy clay composition, rich in iron and aluminium oxides, having granular structure, the thickness of which reaches 100-150 cm.
Together with other components of the landscape, climatic condition is also of paramount importance for the unique dendroflora. The climate in the Garden is characterized by highly humid and warm subtropical climate. The Large amount of precipitation (2400-2700 mm annually) is mainly preconditioned by the strong condensation caused by the interaction between the damp air flow coming from the Black Sea and the mountainous relief of the coastline. The average air temperature fluctuates between 13,8-14,4°C, the average monthly temperature in January is 4-6°C whereas in august 22-23°C. The absolute maximum temperature reaches 38-40°C while the absolute minimum temperature can fall down to -10°C. The precipitation rarely comes in the form of snowfall and when it does, the thickness never exceeds 10cm. The relative air humidity fluctuates within 70-80%. The average annual speed of the wind is 4,6 m/s while the maximum reaches 39 m/s.
Historical background of the garden
The creation of the Batumi Botanical Garden can be traced to the several factors, the climatic conditions of the Black sea littoral and great interest in this region. First introduction activities started along the Black Sea from 1870s. The first Pioneer holiday makers like Mecheslav D’ Alphonse and a geographer and botanist Pavel Tatarinow were one of the initiators of plant introduction along the Black Sea.
Their acclimatization gardens, present territories of the “ Lower Park” and “Upper Park” of the Garden used to be the first units for spreading and wide implementation of subtropical plants. Later, in 1893 the founder of the Batumi Botanical Garden, botanist, soil expert, geographer, Andrey Nickolaevich Krasnov, Professor of Kharkov University visited Batumi for the first time. He was well aware of the subtropical zone plants throughout the world.
So, after studying the researches of Batumi microclimate by Voyevikkov-Klingen, he concluded that the climatic conditions in Batumi were the most favorable for the growth and cultivation of subtropical and some tropical plants. In accordance with the Russian Imperial Order at that time and with the supporting of the Batumi Agricultural Society, the directors of the Tbilisi and Sokhumi Botanical Gardens, members of the Department of Agriculture and Land Surveying in Leningrad and others, the Batumi Botanical Garden were founded on 3 November, 1912.
Description of the Garden
The Batumi Botanical Garden occupies 108.7 ha area, 1km along the Black Sea.The florist richness of the garden is incorporated in 9 phyto-geographic departments: East Asian, Himalayan, Australian, New Zealand, North American, Mexican, South American, European and Transcaucasian.Three parks: Lower Park, Upper Park and Seaside Park.
The garden is distinguished by centuries-long parks, unique collections of subtropical flora, as well as succulents, palms, roses, camellias, citrus, bamboos, magnolias, Cypruses, pine-trees, nuts, persimmon and maple tree collections. Visitors’ attention is attracted by 125-year-old large-flowering magnolias counting 125 years, eldest evergreen Sequoias, fragrant Osmanthus, secret Japanese gardens, romantic, cozy landscapes and panoramic views.
The garden collection is comprised of up to 1900 taxonomic units, with 90 of Caucasian origin.
The garden serves as a significant center for spreading agricultural and biological knowledge. It has established relationship with the Botanical Gardens of more than 140 countries, Universities and other scientific-research institutions in the form of signing the Memoranda of Cooperation.
Since 1998 Batumi Botanical Garden became a member of the Botanic Gardens Conservation International (BGCI), being of significant value in view of mutual cooperation, sharing of scientific information and working on the joint strategy of the Botanical Gardens.
The Botanical Garden is distinguished by its scientific library, herbarium, and seed foundation.
I Period (1912-1914) – the formation of the gardens structure and strategy. A big part of that time introduced plants (about 580 species) are still preserved to this day. From the beginning 6 Phyto-geographical departments had initially been created in the Batumi Botanical Garden.
II Period (1915-1934) – coincides with I World and Civil wars.Plant introduction was connected with difficulties. From the inventory materials by that time 917 species, varieties and forms had been introduced.
II period (1935-1941) – during this period the introduction activities as well as the department of the introduction and acclimatization were supervised by a prominent scientist and an expert of humid subtropics Sergei Hinkul.The collection of the Garden was increased up to 1302 species.
IV Period (1941 – 1950), the years of the World War II practically all contacts with other botanical gardens were terminated and introduction activities were ceased. The severe winter of 1945-1950 (-8,6°C) also made an impact on the decrease of the collection, it was reduced by 212 taxa.
V Period (1951-1965) -coincides with the period of transition of the Batumi Botanical Garden under the authority of the Georgian SSR Academy of Sciences. The period saw the activation of the work on the issues of introduction, floristic composition, origin, systematic specification, etc. According to the data of 1th January, 1965 the collection of the Garden comprised1679 exotic taxonomic units.
VI Period (1965-1985), the period was distinguished by a number of long sever winters (1967,1972, 1976, 1980, 1985) that mainly caused the damage of newly introduced species. By 1 January, 1986 the collection of woody plants increased by 358 taxa and comprised a total number of 2037 taxa including 375 genera of 112 families.
VII Period (1986 -2008), during this period hard political-economic situation in the country since 1990s made a negative impact on the process of plant introduction.The fact that since 1998 the Batumi Botanical garden has been the member of the Council of the Botanical Gardens Conservatio International (BGCI) greatly promoted the activation of the work in elaboration of theoretical basics and methods of plant introduction and acclimatization, deep systemic study of the wild and cultivated flora as well as elaboration and implementation of innovated modern technological methods in the direction of plant protection.
VIII period –from 2008 till present the specification of the taxonomic composition of the plant collection (trees and shrubs) families and 532 genera.According to the phyto-geographical departments and collections they are distributed in the following way: East Asian -710, North American – 217, Eoropean-99, Transcaucasian Humid Subtropics -89, Himalayan-74, Australian -70, South American-22,Mexican-17, New Zealand-15, South Africa-1: cultivated forms:citruses-55, camellias-17, roses-50, maple-18, other cultural forms-46.
The last inventory will be finished in 2020 and we will have exact number of up-to-date base.