Museum of King Jan III’s Palace at Wilanów


Poland

UNESCO World Heritage Designation : No
Type of Historical Garden: Historic palace garden at the summer residence of King Jan III
Address:

Stanisława Kostki Potockiego 10/16
02-958 Warszawa

Phone:

+48 22 5442 700


Web: wilanow-palac.pl
E-mail: muzeum@muzeum-wilanow.pl
Region: Mazowieckie Voivodeship
Municipality : Warsaw
Town : Wilanów District
Place :
Google Maps Coordinates:

https://www.google.pl/maps/place/Muzeum+Pa%C5%82acu+Kr%C3%B3la+Jana+III+w+Wilanowie/@52.1627022,21.084832,15z/data=!4m5!3m4!1s0x47192d40e99c18eb:0x507f944c08a85521!8m2!3d52.165175!4d21.0905099


Access from the provincial capital :

The Museum of King Jan III's Palace at Wilanów is located in the Wilanów district, approx. 10 km from Warsaw city centre, at the end of the historical Royal Route leading from the Royal Castle in Old Town through the Royal Łazienki Museum to the Wilanów residence.


Access from the nearest place to the site :

Generally accessible paid car park for passenger vehicles and coach buses is located approx. 300 m from the palace, on Przyczółkowa Street.
Wilanów is also accessible using public transit – bus lines no. 116, 139, 163, 164, 180, 317, 379, 519, 700, 710, 724, 725, E-2.


Opening times
Opening times:

Gardens: 9 a.m. to dusk

Palace:

winter season Monday to Sunday 9:30 a.m. – 4 p.m. (closed Tuesdays)

summer season Monday, Wednesday, Saturday, Sunday 9:30 a.m. – 6 p.m.

Tuesday, Thursday, Friday 9:30 a.m. – 4 p.m.

Services

Visitors’ Reception Centre

Interpretation Centre

Associated museum

Guided visits

Audioguides

Educational workshops

Activities for the general public

Parking for private vehicles

Parking for buses

Access for people with disabilities or reduced

Café

Restaurant

Souvenir shop

Toilets

     Others:

Info

Nearest parking for buses:

approx. 300 m


Nearest parking for private vehicles:

approx. 300 m


Days open to the public: Gardens: open year-round, daily at 9 a.m. Palace: Monday to Sunday (closed on Tuesdays in the winter season: 1 January to 13 April and 15 October – 14 December). The palace and the permanent and temporary exhibitions are closed to visitors on the following days: Good Friday, Holy Saturday, Easter Sunday, Corpus Christi, 15 August, 1 November, 15 to 31 December.
Age restrictions:
Types of visits:

Individual touring, guided tour, educational classes


Duration of visits:

Palace – approx. 1.5 hours; Garden – 1.5-2 hours


Maximum number of visitors in a group:

Gardens – unlimited; Palace – 130 visitors per hour


Maximum number of visitors per day:

Current information about ticket prices is available on the museum website.
On Thursdays, entry to the palace and park is free (individual touring only. The offer does not apply to route 2 and temporary exhibitions).

Garden: normal ticket 5 PLN; discount ticket 3 PLN; “Museum for 1 złoty” for visitors from 7 to 16 years old: 1 PLN
Palace:
Route 1 – permanent exhibition in the palace: normal ticket 20 PLN; discount ticket 15 PLN; “Museum for 1 złoty” for visitors from 7 to 16 years old: 1 PLN
Route 2 – Apartments of Princess Lubomirska, Chinese and Hunter’s Rooms and the Storage Gallery: normal ticket 15 PLN, discount ticket 10 PLN.
Route 1 + 2: normal ticket 30 PLN, discount ticket 20 PLN
Thematic tickets (park and palace):
Educational activities individual 10 PLN; group: 10 PLN / person + 150 PLN / group
Thematic walks – groups:
Palace: normal ticket 20 PLN / discount ticket 15 PLN + 150 PLN / group
Park: normal ticket 5 PLN / discount ticket 3 PLN + 150 PLN / group


Admission fees:

Tickets for individual touring can be purchased (no reservations available) at the museum ticket office or through the online module.

Tickets for group tours must be reserved:

– by phone: (+48) 22 5442 850 (Monday to Friday, 9 a.m. – 4 p.m.),

– by e-mail: bilety@muzeum-wilanow.pl,

– online: through the online reservations module:

www.wilanow-palac.pl/ticket_booking.html


Reservations:

Tickets for individual touring can be purchased (no reservations available) at the museum ticket office or through the online module.

Tickets for group tours must be reserved:

– by phone: (+48) 22 5442 850 (Monday to Friday, 9 a.m. – 4 p.m.),

– by e-mail: bilety@muzeum-wilanow.pl,

– online: through the online reservations module:

www.wilanow-palac.pl/ticket_booking.html


Prior purchase of tickets:

Tickets can be purchased through the online module (both individual guests and groups), by selecting the desired date in the calendar or a type of event/theme.


Educational workshops:

The educational programmes at the Museum of King Jan III’s Palace at Wilanów bring participants closer to the cultural and natural heritage of the royal residence.

Thematic walks, workshops, museum lessons, calligraphy courses, culinary programmes, also conducted in languages other than Polish, dedicated to guests of various ages, are an excellent alternative to traditional tours.

The museum also organises open seminars and scientific conferences in cooperation with universities and representatives of the academic communities. An important part of the educational mission is the publication of popular science and academic books (ca. 10-15 new titles annually) on the subject of the history and culture of early modern Poland against the background of Europe.


Activities for the public:

The Museum organises cultural events both in local and nationwide scope. These include temporary exhibitions along with accompanying educational programmes (the Tulip Exhibition) or the King Jan Days in June, during which guests are transported in the world of the Baroque court through various activities. The Museum also actively participates in external projects, such as the Science Picnic of the Polish Radio and Copernicus Science Centre, as well as the Night of the Museums. The Museum also collaborates with the National Philharmonic and the Chamber Opera, organising concerts and spectacles.


Nearest cultural destinations:

– Royal Łazienki Museum       https://www.lazienki-krolewskie.pl/en

– Royal Łazienki Museum       https://www.lazienki-krolewskie.pl/en

– Royal Castle in Warsaw www.zamek-krolewski.pl/en

– Ujazdowski Castle Centre for Contemporary Art u-jazdowski.pl/en

– National Museum in Warsaw www.mnw.art.pl/en/


Nearest natural destinations:

– Botanical Garden – Centre for Biological Diversity Conservation in Powsin www.ogrod-powsin.pl

– University of Warsaw Botanic Garden.uw.edu.pl


Nearby accommodation:

http://www.warsawtour.pl/en/noclegi.html


Nearby restaurants:

http://www.warsawtour.pl/en/kulinaria.html


Crafts, gastronomy, gift shops etc., at the site or in the area:

http://www.warsawtour.pl/en


Natural environment of the garden

The limits of the garden and park in Wilanów include a Baroque garden, landscape parks and the Morysin nature reserve. The entirety of the Baroque part of the gardens and the landscape parks stretches out near the palace and at the same time is located in the buffer zone of the reserve. Surface waters are also an integral part of the garden and park complex in Wilanów: Służewiecki Stream, South Pond (artificial water reservoir, a relic of the royal manor farm), Wilanowskie Lake (part of the old riverbed of the Vistula with a shoreline modified in the 19th century), North Bay (artificial water reservoir from the mid-19th century), Sobieski Canal (an agricultural canal dug in the late 17th century, adapted to the composition of the 19th-century park complex).

 

Historical background of the garden

On the eastern side, the summer royal residence in Wilanów is adjacent to the area of the historic royal zoo, while from the south, west and north, it is surrounded by the dynamically growing modern Wilanów district of Warsaw.

Through the Museum’s efforts, the complexes of historical residential and farm buildings located in the closest vicinity of the residence are being successively included within its borders.

 

Description of the Garden

The origins of the garden at the Wilanów Palace date back to the end of the 17th century. The composition of the Wilanów estate was shaped under the influence of models drawn from Italy. The shape of the palace referred to that of a summer villa, while the garden, whose elements were planned along the main compositional axis, which exists to this day, was in its form a continuation of the Italian garden style.

Subsequent modifications completed the Baroque character of the residence and made the implementation of the principle of the palace situation between a courtyard and a garden clear. At the end of the 18th and in the middle of the 19th centuries, new areas (the so-called northern park) were added to the garden composition, designed as English-style landscape parks and English riverside parks. The northern park stretches over more than 44 hectares. Due to its unique character, a nature reserve was established within it in 1996. In the 19th century, a rose garden, designed in the style of Italian gardens, was established in the immediate vicinity of the palace. Presently, the royal gardens in Wilanów cover an area of more than 90 hectares.

 

Chronology

  • 1677 Jan III Sobieski buys the Wilanów estate – the beginning of shaping the Wilanów palace and park complex.
  • 1678-1720 – The Wilanów property remains in the hands of the Sobieski family – shaping the main compositional elements.
  • 1771-1779 – Completion of the palace extension, extension of the Baroque garden, the patte d’oie, construction of the Orangery, creation of an English-Chinese landscape part on the farmland from the Sobieski times.
  • 1799-1892 – Wilanów becomes the property of the Potocki family – expansion of the garden from the north, where a park in the style of an English riverside park is established; elimination of the double courtyard; creation of, among others, the Chinese Arbour, the Roman Bridge, the stone pergola on the extension of the north wing of the palace, a Gothic brick gate between the Orangery and the Fig House, a neo-Renaissance garden by the palace’s north wing, Pump Station building.

 

Brief description of the Interpretation Centre/Museum

The Museum of King Jan III’s Palace at Wilanów provides care for the historical royal residence, established in the 3rd quarter of the 17th century, which includes the palace, park, gardens and the nature reserve. in 1805, the palace interiors, with a collection of works of art, as well as the park, were opened to the public as the first Polish art museum. Subsequent owners of the residence from the aristocratic Sieniawski, Lubomirski, Potocki and Branicki families made the Wilanów collections available continuously until World War II, after which, under the agricultural reform, the Wilanów estate became property of the state treasury. Starting in 1954, extensive revitalisation works were carried out in the palace and the park. The adopted benchmark was a reference to the era of the first owner of Wilanów – King Jan III Sobieski – wherever it was possible. The Palace was a branch of the National Museum in Warsaw and in 1995, became an independent institution under the auspices of the Ministry of Culture and National Heritage. At the beginning of the 21st century, extensive revitalisation works were carried out, covering both the façade and the interior of the palace, as well as the park and the palace forecourt. Most of the works were financed by the European Union and the Polish Ministry of Culture and National Heritage.

Since 2006, the Museum has been a member of Réseau des Résidences Royales Européennes – Network of European Royal Residences. The Museum regularly organises temporary exhibitions, conferences and scientific seminars, conducts scientific research, publishes academic and popular science books, organises educational activities devoted to both cultural and natural values of the Wilanów royal residence. The Museum website offers several thousand articles presenting the history and culture of the Poland of old. The museum is also introducing new technologies to make it easier to visit the museum.

 


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