Historical Garden Parc Samà


Spain

UNESCO World Heritage Designation : NO
Type of Historical Garden: Parc Samà is a historical, botanical and zoological garden, in a romantic and modernist style, declared a BCIN (Bé Cultural d’Interès Nacional - Cultural Asset of National Interest)
Address:

Carretera de Vinyols s/n

Phone:

+34 977 826 514


Web: parquesama.com
E-mail: info@parquesama.com
Region: Tarragona – Catalunya
Municipality : Cambrils
Town :
Place :
Google Maps Coordinates:

41.103937
1.024188


Access from the provincial capital :

20 minutes by highway (A7) and local road (T-312 and T-314)


Opening times
Opening times:

It changes throughout the year, from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. in winter from 10 a.m. to 10 p.m. in summer (check calendar at the web, which is always updated)

Services

Visitors’ Reception Centre

Interpretation Centre

Associated museum

Guided visits

Audioguides

Educational workshops

Activities for the general public

Parking for private vehicles

Parking for buses

Access for people with disabilities or reduced

Café

Restaurant

Souvenir shop

Toilets

     Others:

Info

Nearest parking for buses:

Parc entry


Nearest parking for private vehicles:

Park entry


Days open to the public: All year round, from Monday to Sunday, closed Christmas and New Year’s days (check calendar at the web, which is always updated)
Age restrictions:

No


Types of visits:

Free visit; or guided visit upon request


Duration of visits:

Between one and four hours


Maximum number of visitors in a group:

No limit


Maximum number of visitors per day:

10,000


Admission fees:

Adult rate €8, discounts and gratuities for different groups (check rates at the website, which is always updated)


Reservations:

Reservations are only required in case of groups or if a guided tour is requested. Reservations through email info@parquesama.com or phone +34 977 826 514


Prior purchase of tickets:

Yes, on the website www.parquesama.com.


Educational workshops:

Yes, specific program for schools, we have teaching materials for different age groups, you can check them on the website www.parquesama.com


Activities for the public:

Yes, in 2018 there will an Events section on the website with activities that will take place in the park and will be designed for different audiences and ages


Nearest cultural destinations:

– Museums of Cambrils: www.cambrils.cat/museu/
– Centre Gaudí de Reus: www.gaudicentre.cat
– Tarragona city World Heritage Site: www.tarragonaturisme.cat
– Castle monastery of Escornalbou: http://patrimoni.gencat.cat/es/coleccion/castillo-monasterio-de-escornalbou
– Monastery of Poblet: http://www.poblet.cat/


Nearest natural destinations:

– Costa Daurada beatches: https://costadaurada.info/es/actividades/playas-y-calas

– Parque natural Sierra de Montsant: http://parcsnaturals.gencat.cat/es/serra-montsant

– Paraje natural de Poblet: http://parcsnaturals.gencat.cat/es/poblet

– Parque natural Delta del Ebro: http://parcsnaturals.gencat.cat/es/delta-ebre

– Parque natural Els Ports: http://parcsnaturals.gencat.cat/es/ports


Nearby accommodation:

http://www.cambrils.cat/turisme

http://www.montbriodelcamp.cat/el-municipi/turisme/index.html


Nearby restaurants:

http://www.cambrils.cat/turisme

http://www.montbriodelcamp.cat/el-municipi/turisme/index.html


Crafts, gastronomy, gift shops etc., at the site or in the area:

http://www.cambrils.cat/turisme

http://www.montbriodelcamp.cat/el-municipi/turisme/index.html



Comments:

AAFF flyer Sama-cooperativa anverso-min

planoPARQUE SAMA_4-min




Natural environment of the garden

The environment of Parc Samà is Cambrils-Costa Daurada, a territory privileged by its geography, beaches and mountains, its climate, cultural and natural heritage, Mediterranean landscape, first-class gastronomy and infrastructures. All these attributes make it one of the most important tourist destinations in Spain.

 

Historical background of the garden

The Park was created and promoted by Salvador Samà i Torrens, Marquis of Marianao, heir to a Catalan family established in Cuba. The project was commissioned in the year 1881 to Josep Fontserè, author of the Park of the Ciutadella de Barcelona and with Antoni Gaudí as assistant. Parc Samà is a roundtrip, a journey of emigration and return. Dreaming of America, coming back and leaving a legacy. Other trees, other birds, others costumes and colours, other arts…  Adventure, culture and wealth. Parc Samà is the history and the story of the Marquisate of Marianao.

 

Description of the Garden

Parc samà is a romantic garden, French parterres, a poetic and abstract forest, plane trees and reeds coexist with wisteria and bougainvillea. More than eight hundred palm trees, magical oak trees and elegant cedar and pine trees surround a lake where the ducks and turtles live. Peacocks and pheasants play around its waterfall, witnesses of our visit. Parc Samà is a companion for our feelings, freedom and encounters. It is romanticism, it is the garden of Parc Samà.

 

The search of perfection finds its place in an elegant chaos, in the harmony of nature itself. Built in the image of the English gardens, Parc Samà proclaims freedom from its Romantic conception, as if the park was an improvised creation.

Without giving up its organised outlines that follow the French style, the park is mainly romantic and poetic, more or less dense and wild, formed mostly by open spaces and important botanical species.

It is clearly an eclectic garden which combines styles such as Italian Renaissance or English Romanticism, including in this last case their three basic elements: the landscape, which involves leaving out statues, buildings and other elements, as in the rear area of the Palace of the Lake; the poetic, which introduces artificiality and decorative elements, as the Lake or the Waterfall; and the abstract art, the Forest.

 

Within this exotic and wild variable, many gardens of the time contained collections of animals (deer, pheasants, peacocks…). In the case of the Parc Samà, and following the idea of the founder of the Salvador Samà i Torrens to recreate a garden that would transport the visitor to colonial Cuba, the park housed different collections of animals, among which the birds brought from Central America stood out.

 

The garden of today recovers this dimension, focusing on the fondness of its founder in the collection of ornamental birds from the new world, but adapting this concept to the XXI century, where animal welfare is the absolute priority. The animal collections that the Parc Samà houses are intended to serve as a classroom for education and conservation, where the visitor can admire, enjoy and understand closely the wonderful world of birds, deer, turtles, etc.

 

Chronology

Salvador Samà commissioned the construction of the park in 1881 as his private resting place.

Parc Samà hosted the visit of King Alfonso XIII and Queen Victoria Eugenia and headquarters of numerous meetings and political conventions.

In the 20’s, the Development Council carried out different botanical experiments in the Parc, especially tests which expected to exterminate the olive tree fly.

Pero Parc Samà ha sido además testigo de la Guerra Civil. En 1936 el parque tuvo un uso exclusivamente militar. El palacio y los jardines fueron confiscados por el Comitè Antifeixista de Cambrils y el recinto pasó a convertirse en un Centro de Instrucción Militar por donde pasaron miles de soldados que después de pocos días eran enviados a las trincheras. En 1938 el Parque acogió a los soldados de la «Quinta del Biberón» que, tras recibir instrucción militar a lo largo de tan sólo tres días, fueron enviados a la línea del Ebro o del Segre. A finales del mismo año se instaló dentro del recinto un «Hospital de Sang» u hospital de campaña para los heridos de guerra.

La posguerra trajo cambios y, lo que fue finca de caza, se convirtió en finca agrícola. Se plantaron olivos, viña y avellanos. Se construyó una bodega y una prensa donde se hacía vino moscatel que se vendía directamente.

En esta nueva etapa, Parc Samà albergó las primeras ediciones del Festival Internacional de Música Clásica de Cambrils. Salvador Samà i Coll, amante de la música, fue el impulsor de este festival junto con Lluís Recasens, alcalde de Cambrils en aquellos tiempos. Salvador Samà cedía el jardín para celebrar allí los conciertos, donde actuaron, entre otros, José Carreras y Monserrat Caballé.

Alfonso de Fontcuberta, VII Marqués de Marianao, recibió por donación de su madre el parque en 1981 y realizó el segundo gran cambio del parque: reestructuró la finca, invirtió en maquinaria, plantó nuevos árboles como almendros y melocotoneros, y comercializó los productos al por mayor. Puso riego por goteo en toda la finca y por todo ello recibió el premio Deu del Institut Agrícola de Catalunya como finca modelo.

Alfonso de Fontcuberta comprendió que el parque se había convertido en un centro de referencia para turistas y, tras un viaje a California, copió el modelo de visitas a lugares con atractivo cultural y de ocio y así comenzaron las visitas turísticas y la comercialización del parque a través de agentes intermediarios. En este sentido, podría afirmarse que el Parc Samà fue el primer parque de ocio de España.

 

Brief description of the Interpretation Centre/Museum

In 2018 it is planned to open a museum space in the premises of the old winery and oil press, being a sample of agricultural production in the area and an experimental space where you can taste original cuisine products from the area of high quality as vermouth, olive oil, nuts, etc.

 


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