Alhambra and Generalife Gardens


Spain

Declaración Patrimonio Mundial UNESCO: YES, 1984, 314bis
Tipo de Jardín Histórico: Assemblage of Gardens from Middle Age, Renaissance, XIX Century and XX-XXI Centuries.
Dirección:

C/ Real de la Alhambra s/n, 18009, Granada

Teléfono:

+34 958 027 900


Web: alhambra-patronato.es
E-mail: jardines.pag@juntadeandalucia.es
Región: Andalusia
Término municipal: Granada
Localidad: Granada
Paraje: Conjunto Monumental de La Alhambra
Coordenadas Google Maps:

37.174437, -3.584420


Acceso desde la capital de la provincia:

Granada. Public transport, tourist transport and by car.


Acceso desde la localidad más cercana al enclave:

Granada. Public transport, tourist transport and by car.


Horarios
Horarios:

ALHAMBRA GENERAL

Itinerary

The visit «Alhambra General» allows access to all areas: Alcazaba, Nasrid Palaces, Generalife, Palace of Carlos V and Bath of the Mosque.

DAY VISIT – Schedule

From 1st April to 14th October
Visiting days: Monday to Sunday. 8.30 am to 8 pm
Box office hours: from 08:00 to 20:00.

From 15th October to 31st March
Visiting days: Monday to Sunday. 8.30 am to 6 pm
Box office hours: from 8 am to 6 pm.

NIGHT VISIT

There are two types of night visits: night visits to palaces and night visits to gardens. These two visits are independent of each other and incompatible since they are made at the same time.

The itineraries only include the spaces adapted to these types of visits due to security and conservation reasons. The itinerary departs from the Atrium of the Alhambra, where you can buy tickets and receive information about the visit, and continue along a walk that runs parallel to the wall, from which you can see the outside of the Water, Baltasar de la Cruz, Seven Soils, Captain, Witch and Heads Towers, and arrives to the Palace of Carlos V (visitable space) through the Door of Justice or the Door of the Carriages.

This visit continues through the Nasrid Palaces, to visit the following áreas:

    • Patio de Machuca (organized group tourism).
    • Mexican
    • Patio and Golden Room.
    • Courtyard of the Arrayanes.
    • Boat Room.
    • Throne Hall.
    • Viewpoint of the Gate.
    • Emperor’s rooms.
    • Corridor of Carlos V.
    • Dos Hermanas Room (includes visit to the Sala de los Ajimeces and the Mirador de Lindaraja).
    • Courtyard of the Lions.
    • Room of the Mocárabes.
    • Patio de los Arrayanes (south pavilion).
    • Prince’s Gate (exit).

Schedule

From 1st April to 14th October
Visiting days: Tuesday to Saturday
Visiting Hours: From 10:00 pm to 11:30 pm
Box office hours: From 9:00 pm to 10:45 pm

From 15th October to 31st March
Visiting days: Friday & Saturday
Visiting Hours: From 8:00 pm to 9:30 pm
Box office hours: From 7:00 pm to 8:45 pm

ALHAMBRA GARDENS

Itinerary

The visit “Alhambra Gardens” allows access to all the Monument visitables spaces, except the Nasrid Palaces. It includes:

    • Paseo de los Cipreses, Secano, San Francisco Gardens.
    • Alcazaba
    • Partal: Porch of the Palace, Gardens and Walks, Rauda, Yusuf III Palace, Paseo de las Torres.
    • Generalife Palace: Low gardens and high gardens (Patio de la Acequia, Patio de la Sultana and Escalera del Agua).

Except for the Palace of the Generalife, which has a maximum capacity, these places have no controlled access by time passes, being able to make the tour in the morning or afternoon schedule indicated on the ticket.

In addition, it will be possible to visit the place that has been designated «space of the month» at its discretion, only if it is on the itinerary of this type of entry.

Schedule

From 15th October to 31st March
Visiting days: Monday to Sunday. 8.30 am to 6 pm
Box office hours: from 8 am to 6 pm

From 1st April to 14th October
Visiting days: Monday to Sunday. 8.30 am to 8 pm
Box office hours: from 8 am to 8 pm.

ALHAMBRA NIGHT GARDENS AND PALACE OF THE GENERALIFE

The itinerary starts from the Alhambra Atrium and continues along the Walk of the Cypresses, from which you will access the Generalife Walk of the Nogales. Through this walk you can access the northern area of the New Gardens or Low Gardens of the Generalife and you will reach the Generalife Palace.

Once in the Palace of the Generalife you visit:

    • The Apeadero Patio.
    • The second patio.
    • The Patio de la Acequia (includes the Royal Hall).
    • The South Pavilion (exit).
    • The House of Friends.
    • The departure will be made through the Alhambra Atrium through the following return itinerary:
    • New Gardens or Low Gardens of the Generalife.
    • Walk of the Nogales.
    • Walk of the Cypresses.

Schedule

From 1st April to 31st May
Visiting days: Tuesday to Saturday: 10 pm to 11:30 pm
Box office hours: 9 pm to 10:45 pm

From 1st September to 14th October
Visiting days: Tuesday to Saturday: 10 pm to 11:30 pm
Box office hours: 9 pm to 10:45 pm

From 15th October to 14th November
Visiting days: Friday and Saturday: 8:00 pm to 9:30 pm
Box office hours: 7:00 pm to 8:45 pm

From 15th November to 31st March the night visit to Gardens is not offered.

Oferta de servicios

Centro de recepción de visitantes

Centro de interpretación

Museo asociado

Visitas guiadas

Audioguías

Talleres didácticos

Actividades para el público

Aparcamiento para turismos

Aparcamiento para autobuses

Acceso para personas con discapacidad o movilidad reducida

Cafetería

Restaurante

Tienda de recuerdos

Servicios (WC)

     Otros:

Info

Aparcamiento más próximo para autobuses:

50 m for travelers on-off. 500 meters for parking.


Aparcamiento más próximo para turismos:

200 m


Días de apertura al público: Daily, except 25th December and 1st January.
Restricciones de edad:

Children 0-8 years old: Free.
Children 8 to 12, +65 years old and Carnet Joven: Reduced.


Tipo de visitas:

Included in Opening Times.


Duración de las visitas:

Full visit: 3 - 4 hours.


Número máximo de visitantes por grupo de visita:

30


Número máximo de visitantes por día:

-


Precio de las entradas:

Please check Alhambra website


Reservas:

No, only direct tickets sale.


Venta anticipada de entradas:

Yes, please visit Alhambra website


Talleres didácticos:

Yes, ‘Alhambra Educa’


Actividades para el público:

Yes, please check Alhambra website


Destinos culturales próximos:

Granada city


Destinos naturales próximos:

Sierra Nevada


Alojamientos cercanos:

http://www.turgranada.es/alojamientos


Restaurantes cercanos:

http://www.turgranada.es/restaurantes/


Tiendas de artesanía, gastronomía, regalos, etc., en el sitio o en la zona:

http://www.turgranada.es/cosas-que-hacer/de-compras


Entorno natural de Jardín

Dehesa of Generalife Periurban Park

 

Contexto histórico del Jardín

12th – 13rd Century

The Arabs respected Roman cities and roads by expanding them and adding new foundations. In the 9th century there are mentions of constructions on the hill of Sabika, where the Alhambra will rise later, although it is believed that in Roman times and even before there was some buildings. After the civil war in the Caliphate of Córdoba (1031), the capital of the until then province of Granada moves from Elvira to Granada, with the kingdom of Granada’s Taifa of the Ziríes. They establish their court in the Alcazaba Cadima or Old, located in the Albaicín neighborhood.

In its foothills there was an important population center, mainly Jewish, around which the development of the city of Granada takes place. Prime Minister Samuel ibnNagrella, rebuilds the abandoned buildings of the Sabika Hill and installs his Palace.

In the 12th century, the successive waves of Almorávides and Almohades cause in Granada several fights that have as their scenario the Albaicín Alcazaba and the constructions that existed on the Sabika hill. This one served as a refuge for local Andalusian supporters as well as others to North African invaders.

13th – 15th Century

Al-Ahmar, founder of the Nasrid Dynasty, settles in 1238 in the Albaicín Old Alcazaba. The ruins of the Alhambra hill caught his attention and he decides to start his reconstruction and install the seat of the court, starting the building of the Alhambra that we know today.

The Alhambra was a palace, citadel and fortress, residence of the Nasrid sultans and high officials, servants of the court and elite soldiers. It reaches its splendor in the second half of the 14th century, coinciding with the sultanates of Yusuf I (1333-1354) and the second reign of Muhammad V (1362-1391).

Granada, capital of the Nasrid kingdom, is gradually receiving Muslim populations because of the advance of the Christian conquest. The city is growing, changing, creating new neighborhoods and expanding the fences and walls practically until its conquest at the end of the 15th century.

16th – 18th Century

After 1492, the Alhambra was established as a Royal House with exempt jurisdiction in charge of the Count of Tendilla. The Catholic Monarchs ordered intense reparations using mostly Moorish artisans.

In 1526, Emperor Charles V decides to build the palace that bears his name, along with other very significant constructions with Roman Renaissance taste. The Austrian house continued from Philip II (1556-1598) and his successors in charge of the conservation of the Alhambra, admired by humanists and artists such as Andrea Navaggiero (1524), Venice’s ambassador to the Court of Charles V.

In the first decades of the 18th century, Felipe V (1700-1746) dispossessed the Marquis of Mondéjar, heir to the Count of Tendilla, beginning a stage of abandonment practically until the reign of Carlos IV (1788-1808).

19th Century until today

The Napoleonic occupation was a negative episode for the Alhambra, due to the blasting produced in 1812, when the French army retired. Only the courage of a Spanish soldier prevented its almost total destruction.

To a stage of vindications about the state of the monument, actively seconded by Washington Irving (1783-1859), is added a growing interest of society for the gardens of the Alhambra and orientalism that evokes in the romantic imaginary, very well reflected in the plastic arts of the moment.

After the revolution of 1868, the Alhambra is detached from the Crown and passes into the domain of the State, declaring itself in 1870 as a «national monument».

In the early 20th century, the care of the Alhambra is entrusted to a Commission (1905), replaced in 1913 by a Board of Trustees that in 1915 becomes dependent on the General Directorate of Fine Arts. In 1944, a new Board of Trustees is created and maintained until the functions and services of the State in matters of culture are transfered to the Autonomous Region of Andalusia.

 

Descripción del Jardín

As an inseparable part of the Alhambra and Generalife palaces and enclosures, the gardens and cultivated spaces, elements of adornment, perfection, symbolism, follow each other in every corner of the monument, providing a transcendent component, in the territory and in time, to the landscape of this place.

The trace that the passage of the centuries has left in the Red Hill has multiplied and enriched the variety of the gardens with diverse forms and gardener tastes, at the same time a reflection of epochs and different sensibilities.

The medieval gardens, created in the Nasrid stage, are the ones with the greatest fame and importance, due to their remote origin, the refined character with which they integrate the vegetation, the water and the buildings that frame them, and because of the close relationship they awoke in their conception with the desired Quranic paradise. Thus the Alhambra has medieval gardens (Patio Arrayanes, Lions and Patio de la Acequia), Renaissance XVI – XVII (patios of the Reja or Lindaraja, modified this one in the 19th century), from the 17th century (Garden of the Adarves, in the Alcazaba), 19th century (from the XIX High Gardens of the Generalife) and Contemporary Gardens of the 20th century (Jardines del Partal and Nuevos del Generalife) or even 21st century (Theater environment).

Among those used in medieval times, showy flower plants acquire a special and habitual presence in the Hispanic-Islamic gardens, many of them also fragrant, such as roses (Rosa sp.), Carnations (Dianthussp.), Violets (Viola odorata ), wallflower (Erysimumcheiri and Mathiolaincana), lilies (Iris germanica), oleanders (Neriumoleander) or water lilies (Nymphaea alba).

Other plants lacking flowers were selected exclusively for their aroma, such as basil (Ocimumbasilicum), oregano (Origanumsp.), Melissa (Melissa officinalis), mints (Menthasp.), Thyme (Thymussp.), Rosemary ( Rosmarinusofficinalis) or lavender (Lavandulasp.). Among them, jasmine (Jasminumsp.), Citrus fruits (Citrus sp.), or cypresses (Cupressussempervirens) played a leading role in the medieval Islamic gardening tradition.

The vegetation of the Monument has been modified over the centuries, not only in terms of the number and variety of species, but also in terms of cultivation and maintenance techniques and styles. To the traditionally used species in the Nasrid era, such as wallflower, lily, jasmine, cypress, bitter orange or lily; many others from different regions and continents have been incorporated and are now considered fully rooted in Granada’s gardening, such as boxwood, macassar, geranium, aspidistra, wisteria or pitimini rose.

Among all of them, if any species could represent these gardens, the myrtle would be the chosen one without a doubt. This shrub, considered in the Arab world as a plant with “báraka” (with blessing, hidden and invisible), of dense and fragrant foliage, used as an isolated specimen and trimmed in hedges, has been used at all times and in almost all Alhambra gardens. The name comes from the Arabic al-rayhan, “the aromatic one”, due to the smell that its leaves give off when rubbed, due to its fine texture, its relatively rapid growth, its delicate and scented whitish flowers, and its ability to accept pruning for the formation of hedges and other topiary forms (the art of the Topiaria is a gardening practice that consists of giving artistic forms to the plants by trimming with pruning shears).

 

Cronología

Assemblage of Gardens from Middle Age, Renaissance, XIX Century and XX-XXI Centuries.

 

Breve descripción del Centro de Interpretación/Museo

The Alhambra Museum occupies the south wing of the ground floor of the Carlos V Palace. It is distributed in seven rooms, the first one with thematic content and the rest in chronological order.

From the first moments the Alhambra palaces were inhabited by the Catholic Monarchs, the remaining trousseau was protected, reused and enjoyed in the new Court. Over the centuries, preserved architectural objects and remains were arranged decorating the rooms and were also stored in different spaces of the Precinct. Subsequently, those findings from the excavations carried out in the Alhambra were gathered for conservation.

The number and quality of the Alhambra Museum Funds makes it the best existing collection of Hispano-Muslim art and especially Nazari Art.

The Archaeological Museum of the Alhambra was created in 1940, in 1962 it was renamed the National Museum of Spanish-Muslim Art and since 1994 it was attached to the Board of the Alhambra and the Generalife, with the name of the Alhambra Museum.

 


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